As most (but not all) business know, the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (the “Act” or “CCPA”) goes into effect January 1, 2020. It is estimated that more than 500,000 companies are subject to the CCPA, many of them smaller and mid-size businesses that may not have pre-existing robust privacy policies and procedures.
The CCPA applies to for-profit entities that both collect and process the personal information (as defined in the Act) of California residents and do business in the State of California, whether or not the business has a physical presence in California. Businesses that meet at least one of the following criteria are subject to the Act:
- Generate annual gross revenue in excess of $25 million,
- Receive or share personal information of more than 50,000 California residents annually, or
- Derive at least 50 percent of its annual revenue by selling the personal information of California residents.
While enforcement actions by the Attorney General won’t begin until six months after the final regulations are published, or July 1, 2020, companies need to ensure they are in compliance on January 1, 2020, when the Act goes into effect. This article is a summary of a five-part series designed to guide companies through compliance, “Complying with the California Consumer Privacy Act in 5 (More or Less) Not So Easy Steps.”
A company cannot comply with the Act without understanding what data the company collects, how it uses the data and who has access to it. Understanding how the company collects, processes, transmits and stores data – as well as how it’s used and who uses it – is the foundation of a data privacy program and the key to complying with the Act and most other privacy regulations. A company’s data is often its most valuable asset, but the exact movements of sensitive data are often poorly understood, providing unknown exposure points and increasing the risk of data loss.
There is a benefit to this practice that goes beyond complying with the Act. Companies can determine the extent of their data collection practices and whether it advances the business. Companies must realize that every point of data it holds is not just an asset, but also a liability. Eliminating unnecessary data reduces liability exposure. Understanding a company’s data profile leads to efficiencies in operations and can better rationalize costs associated with maintaining data, including cybersecurity and insurance expenses. Learn more here.